Trends in life expectancy have not changed, although, as a consequence of the upward revision of the intercensal population estimates, life expectancy in Spain has increased slightly from previous estimates (up to 82.2 years in 2011). Up until now, the estimates were calculated using the Population Now Cast (ePOBa) from INE (National Institute of Statistics), which are outdated since the publication of the new intercensal estimates from the Population and Housing Census 2011.
This result is presented in the updated life expectancy data which are part of the Life tables elaborated by Ivie researcher and Professor at the University of Valencia Francisco J. Goerlich.
Also, data disaggregated by 16 large groups of cause of death have been updated. This information is published by the Ivie and now covers the period 1975-2011.
With the latest information available, data shows that the trends outlined above remain:
- Diseases of the circulatory and respiratory systems and tumors continue being the main causes of death in Spain, although mental and nervous system diseases are growing in importance over time
- Women are more likely to die because of circulatory system diseases and men as a result of tumors
- The probability of dying from external causes has declined in the past 35 years, especially for men, despite an observed tendency in men of being more likely to die from this cause
This information is useful to see how the distribution of deaths by cause of death has been altered in recent years and shows the differences that exist according to sex, age and place of residence of the Spanish population.