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Public funding. Policy design and evaluation
  • Autonomous Community Funding: There are two types of Autonomous Community financing in Spain: the common system and the autonomous system (which respects the historical rights of certain territories). The common financing system came into effect in January 2002. It is particularly significant given that once the transfer process has taken place it will remain over time, as well as integrating most of the pre-existent financial systems. Among the characteristics of this system are stability, its integrating nature, and expansion of the principle of fiscal co-responsibility (partially transfer VAT and special taxes). In addition, supplementary allocations are included to guarantee that the provision of education and health services are similar in the various regional territories, as well as attributing the autonomous communities with greater legislative jurisdiction over some of the transferred taxes. It also intends to raise the visibility of the principle of solidarity by providing the different regions with an equivalent level of services.

    The Ivie's work in this area of research analyses the current autonomous community financing system model. The study addresses issues such as the effect of population increase, and the advantages and disadvantages of this current model for the each region. It also explores how this financing model can influence the indebtedness of certain autonomous communities.
  • University funding: Universities are key institutions in our current society because of the fundamental role they play producing and disseminating knowledge through education, research and collaboration with firms in activities of technological development and innovation.

    The Ivie has done numerous studies on university funding, and the socioeconomic contribution made by these institutions specialized in the production and transmission of knowledge. In addition to identifying their contribution, the objective is also to evaluate the resources which are used and measure the impact that their activities have on society and growth.
  • Labour transition: Overqualified young people at work, labour flexibility and its profiles are some of the key factors which influence the degree of labour transition.

    As part of the Bancaja Foundation-Ivie Human Capital project, the Observatory of the Transition of Young people to the Labour Market database has been created. The fifth survey in the study was presented in 2009 along with the study Análisis de la sobrecualificación y la flexibilidad laboral. The results are provided in the Human Capital series of notes.
  • Dependent: Dependent is a recent term referring to the social recognition of one who requires permanent assistance in certain situations because of health problems. In some forums, it is considered the fourth developed area of the welfare state along with the existing ones (education, health and pensions).

    The Ivie has carried out a study for the Cajas de Ahorros Foundation (FUNCAS) about disability in Spain. The study focuses on demographic aspects and the labour market (disabled persons of a working age and services for the disabled, among other aspects).